Communism Vs Democracy: 15 Key Differences with Table

What is the difference between communism and democracy?

Communism and democracy are political systems with different ideological principles. These two systems are responsible for structuring the economic and political fabric of societies.

The main difference between communism and democracy is that communism is a system where the government decides everything for the citizens whereas democracy is a system where citizens have equal say in decisions that impact people in general.

Read More: Difference between Left-Wing and Right-Wing 

communism vs democracy

Comparison Table (Communism vs Democracy)

Basic TermsCommunism Democracy
MeaningIt is a system of social organization based on the holding of all properties in commonIt is a system that involves the rule of the majority. People elect representative for their government
PhilosophyFree access to the articles of consumption through advancement in technologyA community of people holds power over how they are governed
Political SystemIt is a society that is stateless, classless, and governed directly by peopleSociety has a democratic system of governance
Key ElementsCommon ownership, centralized government, planned economy, and dictatorshipFree election, majority rule, and suffrage
Social structuresAll class distinctions are eliminatedA class distinction can be pronounced but varies according to different states
Private PropertyAbolishedPermitted
ReligionAbolishedFreedom of religion is permitted
Way of changeThe state is the agent of changeVoting
VariationsLeft Anarchism, Council Communism, European Communism, Juche Communism, Marxism, National CommunismDirect democracy, parliamentary democracy, representative democracy, presidential democracy.
Modern examplesChina, North Korea, Cuba, Laos, and RussiaUS, Canada, Western Europe, Australia, New Zealand, Japan
View of WarIt is good for the economy to spearhead economyIt depends on the opinion of the majority
Key PioneersKarl Marx, Friedrich Engels, Peter Kropotkin, Rosa Luxemburg, Vladimir Lenin, Emma Goldman, Leon Trotsky, Joseph StalinThomas Jefferson, John Adams, Noah Webster, Solon, Cleisthenes, Karl Marx
DiscriminationAll members of the state are considered equalAllow tyranny of the majority over the minority
Free ChoiceState rulers make economic and political decisionsIndividuals make decisions on their own
HistoryMajor Communist parties include the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1912-91), the Communist Party of China (1921-ON), the Workers’ Party of Korea (1949-ON), and the Communist Party of Cuba (1965-ON).Originated and evolved in ancient Athens during the 5th century. Numerous important reforms were made by the leader Solon and then Cleisthenes. Greek democracy was ended in 322BC by Macedon.

Read More: Difference between Fascism and Communism 

What Is Communism?

Communism is both a political and social ideology that dictates how government and social organizations are established.

Also, the system does not all private ownership of property. All properties are owned by the public but the government is the one that decides.

Access to services is universal and the state will provide what people need in terms of health care or educational services.

What Is Democracy?

Democracy is a government system where everything is decided by the citizens. The Majority vote tends to decide everything.

Individuals have the opportunity to own properties but the government produces assets. Access to services will vary based on what the majority rule government dictates.

Read More: Difference between Democrats and Liberalists 

Main Difference between Communism and Democracy

  1. Communism abolishes all religions whereas democracy gives people the freedom to worship.
  2. Communism does not encourage citizens to own property while democracy allows citizens to own properties
  3. Communisms view war as good to spearhead economic growth whereas democracy the view depends on the opinion of the majority
  4. Democracy modern of change is brought about through voting whereas communism change is determined by the state
  5. Modern examples of communism are China, North Korea, Cuba, Laos, and Russia while democracy is the US, Canada, Western Europe, and Australia.

Comparison Video


The core difference between democracy and communism is that democracy is where people hold power over how they are governed while communism encourages free access to articles of consumption is made through modern technology.

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