Fascism Vs Communism: 15 Top-Rated Differences with Comparison Table

What is the difference between communism and fascism?

Fascism and communism are political movements that started in Europe and later gained popularity in the mid-20th century. These movements have some mutual relationship.

The main difference between fascism and communism is that the former is a type of government-managed by one ruler while the latter is a government based around the theory of economic equality and it advocates for a classless society.

Read More: Difference between Communism and Democracy 

fascism vs communism

Comparison Table (Fascism vs Communism)

Basic Terms Fascism Communism
MeaningIt is an authoritarian state led by one ruler (Dictatorship).It is a system that upholds economic equality and advocates a classless society
Economic CoordinationPlanning is based on projected labor output rather than moneyPlanning is done based on physical units instead of money
Social StructuresHas a strict class structure to prevent chaosIt is a classless society where everyone is the owner of the means of production
ReligionCitizens worship the state through nationalismsReject all religions and metaphysic
Private PropertyNominally permittedAbolishes the private ownership of property
Pioneers of the MovementAdolf Hitler, Benito Mussolini, Francisco Franco, José Antonio Primo de Rivera, Corneliu Zelea Codreanu, Ante Pavelić, Ikki Kita, Wang Jingwei, Plínio Salgado, Konstantin Rodzaevsky, Oswald Mosley, William Dudley Pelley, Aleksandr Dugin.Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels, Peter Kropotkin, Rosa Luxemburg, Vladimir Lenin, Emma Goldman, Leon Trotsky, Joseph Stalin, Ho Chi Minh, Mao Zedong, Josip Broz Tito, Enver Hoxha, Che Guevara, Fidel Castro.
Political SystemOne charismatic leader has absolute power and authorityIt is stateless, classless, and governed directly by people
IdeologiesThere is a union between the state and business organizations. But the state tells the business what to do.All people are equal and there is no sense in having classes
Key ElementsActual idealism, centralized government, social Darwinism, planned economy, anti-democratic, meritocratic, extreme nationalism, militarism, racism (Nazism).Centralized government, planned economy, Classless society, common ownership, and no private ownership of property
PhilosophyThe state gain authority through regular conquest and warFree access to articles of consumption due to advancement in technology
LiteratureMy Autobiography, The Myth of the Twentieth Century, The Last Will of a Russian Fascist.The State and Revolution, The Jungle, Reform or Revolution, Capital (Vol I: A Critical Analysis of Capitalist Production), Socialism: Utopian and Scientific, the Grapes of Wrath.
History and YearNSDAP in Germany (1933-45), the National Union in Portugal (1934-68), and Francoist Spain (1936-1975).Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1912-91), the Communist Party of China (1921-ON), the Workers’ Party of Korea (1949-ON), and the Communist Party of Cuba (1965-ON).
Earliest RemnantsThe earliest fascist theories were based on examples left behind by the Roman Empire.Theorized by Karl Marx and Frederick Engels in the mid-19th century
Means of ControlFascism employs direct force, propaganda, rallies, etc.Theoretically, there is no state control.
Political MovementsNational Socialism, Falangism, Nazism, Strasserism, neo-Nazism, neo-Fascism, National-Bolshevism.Marxist Communism, Leninism, and Marxism–Leninism, Stalinism, Trotskyism, Maoism, Dengism, Prachanda Path, Hoxhaism, Titoism, Eurocommunism, Luxemburgism, Council communism, Left-Communism.

What Is Fascism?

Fascism is a form of government where the country is ruled by one leader. Keep in mind that the fascist government is usually totalitarian and authoritarian of a one-party state.

The economy and other parts of society are heavily controlled by the government. The fascist government uses war, propaganda, and arrest to stop someone who doesn’t like the government.

Fascists’ countries were Italy under Benito Mussolini, Germany under   Adolf Hitler, and Spain under Francisco Franco.

What Is Communism?

Communism is a socio-economic and political movement. The form of government is where there is common ownership of properties and the society advocate classlessness.

The good news is that communism is not against individualists. But the decision made should benefit the entire population.

Some of the popular communists’ countries are Vietnam, China, Cuba, and Laos. The people behind the idea of communisms are Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels, Joseph Stalin, Vladimir Lenin, and Leon Trotsky.

Main Difference between Communism and Fascism

  1. Communism encourages communal ownership of the property while fascism encourages private ownership of properties.
  2. Fascism has resulted in the development of social class whereas communism advocate for a classless society
  3. Communism is a form of government-owned by people whereas fascism is a dictatorial form of government
  4. Fascism uses direct force and propaganda to control masses whereas communism has no state control theoretically
  5. Communism abolishes all religion while fascism encourages civic religion only
  6. Fascism believes in on superior race whereas communism consider everyone as equal
  7. Communism planning is done in terms of physical units while fascism is done in terms of projected labor output

Read More: Difference between Left Wing and Right Wing 

FAQs about Communism vs Fascism

How Are Communism and Fascism Similar Quizlet

Both communism and fascism originated in Europe and become popular in mid-20th C. Besides that, they are political movements that differ in ideologies.

Is Fascism a Capitalist?

Yes. Most ideologies of fascist government support pro-capitalist and anti-capitalist elements. Fascism encourages private ownership of properties and the existence of a market economy.

What Is the Ideology of Communism?

It is a philosophical, social, political, economic ideology, and movement whose ultimate goal is the establishment of a communist society. This is a society that is classless and there is common ownership of properties.

Does Socialism Allow Private Property?

Not really. Socialists tend to substitute private property with means of production for public ownership or social ownership.

Comparison Video

Summary

Communism, Capitalism, and Fascism may appear different but these systems tend to share some elements. However, the economic and political ideology is what separates these forms of government.

The main difference between fascism and communism is that fascism is a type of dictatorship whereas communisms are a government for people.

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