VGA vs HDMI: 5 Crucial Differences with Comparison Table

What is the difference between VGA and HDMI?

These are interface standards that are used to connect devices such as laptops, DVD players, TV, and projectors.

The main difference between VGA and HDMI is that VGA is an older interface standard that carries only video signals whereas HDMI is a modern cable standard that carries both video and audio signals.

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Comparison Table (VGA vs HDMI)

Basic Terms VGA HDMI
Meaning It is an older version cable that carries only video signals It is a modern version cable that carries both video and audio signals
Stands for Video graphic array High definition multimedia interface
Signal through Analog Digital
Compatibility VGA to DVI and VGA to HDMI converters DVI and VGA converters
General specification Not hot-pluggable, RGB analog video signals and 15 pins Hot-pluggable, external, digital video and audio signal, 19 to 29 pins

What Is VGA?

Video graphic array is abbreviated as VGA. It is a cable interface standard that only carries video signals.

VGA is an older version and it was created by IBM for computers. VGA cables are highly prone to crosstalk and length issues.


What Is HDMI?

High definition multimedia interface is abbreviated as HDMI. It is a cable interface standard that carries both video and audio signals.

HDMI is a newer version and it was developed by a group of manufacturers. The main purpose is to transmit digital signals between devices.


Main Difference between VGA and HDMI

  1. VGA is an older version whereas HDMI is a newer version
  2. VGA stands for video graphic array whereas HDMI stands for high definition multimedia interface
  3. VGA carries video signals only while HDMI carries both video and audio signals
  4. VGA is meant for analog devices while HDMI is meant for digital devices
  5. VGA is compatible with DVI converters while HDMI is compatible with both VGA and DVI converters.
  6. VGA is used in computers whereas HDMI is used in HD TV sets and media players

Similarities between VGA and HDMI

  1. Both are cable interface
  2. Both transmit video signals
  3. Both have pins
  4. Both are compatible with converters

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Is VGA or HDMI Better Quality?

HDMI is the best cable interface. It transmits more data which translated to a higher resolution when compared to VGA.

Is HDMI Better than VGA for Gaming?

Yes. It is the best choice for connecting gaming console, Blu-ray player, and also streaming devices to your TV.

Do I Need Both VGA and HDMI?

Not really. But if you have a personal computer that needs VGA then you will need both VGA and HDMI.

Is there an Adapter for VGA to HDMI?

Yes. The VGA to HDMI converter has a one-way design. It converts the analog output to the digital signal input. These types of converters are readily available on Amazon (Check the latest Prices).

How Many Hz Can HDMI Do?

The standard speed of HDMI cable is about 2.2275 Gbit/s. Therefore, the cable will support formats at least up to 1080p 144 Hz, 1440p 85 Hz, or 4K 30 Hz.

Can I Connect VGA Output to HDMI Input?

Yes with the help of an adapter. If your computer has just a VGA output you’ll need a VGA-to-HDMI converter.

This type of converter combines a VGA input and a stereo audio input into a single HDMI output that’s compatible with your HDTV set.

Comparison Video


The core difference between HDMI and VGA is that HDMI is used to carry both video and audio signals whereas VGA carries video signal only.

Besides that, VGA is an analog video standard and HDMI is a digital standard. HDMI also came into existence due to advancements in technology.

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