14 Difference between Article and Journal (With Table)

What is the main difference between article and journal? An Article is a written piece of content that focus on a specific topic or subject matter while a journal is a publication comprising of multiple articles or research papers within a specific discipline.

Articles and journals are popular among individuals conducting research study or writing academic papers. The styles of writing between these publications are different. But many people use journal article term to refer to an individual article in a journal.

We recommend understanding the difference between these two entities before navigating in the world of scholarly publications. This blog post shed light on the disparities between articles and journals for better understanding.

Difference between Article and Journal with Table

Basic Terms Article Journal
Primary Purpose To inform, educate, or persuade a general or specialized audience. To report on original research findings, provide in-depth analysis, and contribute to the field’s knowledge.
Authorship Typically written by a single author or a small group of authors. Often written by multiple authors, including researchers and experts in the field.
Length Can vary in length, from a few hundred words to several thousand words. Longer and more in-depth, often exceeding 5,000 words, including abstracts, methods, results, and discussions.
Structure Generally follows a more flexible structure, with sections like introduction, body, and conclusion. Follows a standardized structure, including abstract, introduction, methods, results, discussion, and conclusion.
Review Process May undergo editorial review for clarity and relevance, but not necessarily peer-reviewed. Typically undergoes a rigorous peer-review process to ensure quality and accuracy.
Citations May include citations but may not require extensive references. Requires comprehensive citations and references to support claims and provide evidence.
Audience Intended for a broader audience, including general readers or those with a basic understanding of the topic. Targeted at researchers, scholars, and experts in the specific field, assuming a higher level of prior knowledge.
Frequency Can be published frequently, ranging from daily news articles to monthly magazine features. Published less frequently, with some journals releasing issues quarterly, semi-annually, or annually.
Publication Source Found in newspapers, magazines, blogs, websites, and other media outlets. Typically published in academic or research journals, which may be print or online.
Reference Style Often uses a more relaxed citation style, such as APA, MLA, or Chicago, depending on the publication. Adheres to specific citation styles required by the journal, such as APA, MLA, IEEE, or others.
Original Research May or may not contain original research; content varies widely. Primarily focused on presenting original research studies, experiments, or scholarly analysis.
Peer-Reviewed Usually not peer-reviewed, although some editorial review may occur. Almost always peer-reviewed by experts in the field before publication.
Illustrations/Graphics May include images, charts, and graphs but not as extensively as in journals. Often includes numerous visuals, tables, figures, and graphs to support research findings.
Access Generally accessible to the public for free or behind a paywall, depending on the source. Often restricted access, requiring a subscription or institutional access to view full articles.

What Is An Article?

An article is a concise written piece of content that conveys information, ideas, or opinions on a specific topic. Articles are designed to inform, educate, entertain, or persuade a wide audience. They are often found in newspapers, magazines, blogs, websites, and other media outlets.

Articles vary widely in style and purpose. Some are news articles, reporting current events and facts, while others are feature articles, offering in-depth analysis or storytelling. They can be authored by individuals, journalists, or subject matter experts.

Articles may or may not include citations and references, depending on their context and intended audience. Articles are not always subjected to rigorous peer review, making them more accessible for general readers.

They serve as valuable sources of information and commentary on a broad spectrum of topics, from news and entertainment to education and opinion.

What Is A Journal?

A journal is a specialized, scholarly publication that serves as a repository of original research, academic studies, and in-depth analyses within a particular field of knowledge. Journals are published periodically and they adhere to a structured format.

These publications are written by experts, researchers, and scholars in their respective fields, with the content organized into sections like abstracts, introductions, methods, results, discussions, and conclusions.

Journals often require rigorous peer review before acceptance, ensuring the quality, accuracy, and validity of the research presented. Journals are essential for the dissemination of new knowledge and the advancement of academic disciplines.

They provide a platform for researchers to share their findings, contribute to existing scholarship, and engage in scholarly discourse. Access to journal articles is often restricted, with subscriptions or institutional access required, reflecting their significance in academic and research.

Main Difference between Article and Journal

  1. An article is a written piece found in books, magazines, or newspapers, typically non-fictional and informative. Conversely, a journal is a specialized magazine focused on a specific discipline or profession, containing articles, reviews, and academic content.
  2. Articles encompass a wide range of topics and can include news, stories, opinions, and facts. In contrast, journals feature articles, book reviews, editorial content, and updates in the field of study.
  3. While articles aim to influence and engage readers, journals primarily provide educational and professional information. Articles are often driven by writer’s interests or current issues, whereas journals are centered on a particular field or course of study.
  4. Articles are individual written compositions that appear in books, magazines, or newspapers. They are typically non-fictional and serve to inform, entertain, or persuade. In contrast, journals are specialized publications, often focusing on a specific academic or professional field, containing scholarly articles, reviews, and research.
  5. Articles cover a broad spectrum of topics, including news, stories, opinions, and factual information. In contrast, journals encompass articles, book reviews, editorials, achievements, feedback, and updates relevant to their respective fields.
  6. While the primary purpose of an article is to engage and influence readers, encouraging thought and discussion, journals primarily exist to disseminate educational and academic content.
  7. Articles are often driven by the writer’s interests or current events, whereas journals are dedicated to advancing knowledge within a specific domain or profession.

Similarities between Article and Journal

  1. Both contain written content on various topics.
  2. Both can be published in print or online formats.
  3. Both may be authored by individuals or experts in the field.
  4. Both serve as platforms for sharing knowledge and ideas.
  5. Both aim to communicate and convey information to readers.

Final Thoughts from Experts

Articles and journals serve different purposes in the world of written content. Articles are shorter, versatile pieces often found in newspapers, magazines, or online sources. They can cover a wide range of topics and are accessible to a broad audience. Journals are specialized publications, emphasizing academic or professional content, backed by rigorous peer review. They are typically longer, structured, and focus on specific fields of study.

Articles aim to inform, entertain, or persuade with a diverse range of content, while journals prioritize scholarly research and educational information within their respective domains. Articles are more varied in authorship and review processes, whereas journals adhere to standardized formats and strict peer review.

In essence, articles are like quick reads for general knowledge, while journals are the deep dives into specialized expertise and research, catering to different information needs and audiences.

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