Difference Between Nomenclature and Classification with Examples

What is the difference between nomenclature and classification?

Nomenclature and classification are two main terms commonly used in taxonomy. These terms play a crucial role when it comes to the identification and grouping of living organisms.

The main difference between nomenclature and classification is that the former refers to the naming of organisms whereas the latter refers to a grouping of organisms in hierarchical series.

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Difference Between Nomenclature and Classification

Comparison Table (Nomenclature vs Classification)

Basic Terms Nomenclature Classification
MeaningIt is a scientific naming living organismsIt is a method of organizing living organisms in hierarchical series of groups.
SubjectInvolve naming of organismsInvolve organizing organism in a hierarchical series
DescriptionGenus and species provide scientific namesHas seven taxonomic units

What Is Nomenclature?

It is a scientific system of naming living organisms. Binomial nomenclature is the formal system of naming organisms by giving them two names.

The first name given to the organism indicates the genus and the second name is the species. The genus name initial letter is written in capital and the species name initial letter is small.

The naming system is used all over the world by biologists. The international code of botanical nomenclature and zoological nomenclature are the two codes that use the protocols.

Examples of Nomenclature include:

  1. Homo sapiens
  2. Panthera tigris
  3. Ananas comosus
  4. Copsychus saularis
  5. Orcinus orca

What Is Classification?

It is a scientific method where scientists organize organisms in hierarchical series of groups and subgroups. This is usually based on similarities and differences.

The grouping helps to make the identification of living things easy and facilitate further study of the organism. The study of classification is known as taxonomy.

Research shows that there are about seven taxonomic units in classification. For example, Kingdom, phylum/division, class, order, family, genus, and species.

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Examples of Classification

Organism Kingdom Phylum ClassOrderFamily  Genus  Species
LionAnimaliaChordataMammaliaCarnivoraFelidaePantheraP.leo
HumansAnimaliaChordataMammaliaPrimatesHominidaeHomoH.sapians

Main Differences between Nomenclature and Classification

  1. Nomenclature is the formal system of naming organisms whereas classification is a scientific method of organizing organisms in a hierarchical series of groups and subgroups.
  2. Nomenclature is the naming of the organism while classification is the scientific method of organizing an organism
  3. The classification has seven taxonomic units while nomenclature has two parts of names

Similarities between Nomenclature and Classification

  1. Both are two vital aspects of taxonomy
  2. Both are developed by Carl Linnaeus
  3. Both terms embrace the use of Latin names

In Conclusion

Nomenclature and classification are vital aspects of taxonomy. The core difference is that nomenclature involves the naming of the organism while classification involves organizing organisms in hierarchical series of groups.

More Sources and References

  1. https://courses.botany.wisc.edu/botany_401/lecture/02aLecture.html
  2. https://repository.si.edu/bitstream/handle/10088/17100/ent_FCT_94.pdf?mlolongo
  3. https://web.stanford.edu/group/stanfordbirds/text/essays/Taxonomy.html

 

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