14 Big Differences between Organic and Inorganic Compounds

The difference s between organic and inorganic compounds are quite clear hence the chances of confusing the two are minimal.

The article provides detailed core differences in terms of solubility, density, description, formation, conductivity, melting, and boiling points. Let’s find out more:

Differences between Organic and Inorganic Compounds

What Is Organic Compounds?

Organic compounds are chemical compounds of the living things that contain carbon and atoms of carbons.

Organic compounds are made by human activities and they can also found in outer space where there are no living things.

The carbon bond present in the organic compounds also results in connection with other elements like oxygen, hydrogen, and nitrogen.

The common examples of organic compounds are urea, methane, ethane, sugars, and benzene. These chemical compounds occur in a liquid, solid, and gaseous state.

Besides that, it cannot be used to develop salt due to carbon covalent bonds. This is the feature that makes it stand out from other compounds.

What Is Inorganic Compounds?

Inorganic compounds are those chemical compounds that lack carbon and its atoms. They are normally produced by the geological system and mineral connections.

Inorganic compounds are produced by human beings through experiments or inventions in the laboratory.

Also, inorganic compounds are associated with non-living things like sodium chloride, diamond, and calcium chloride.

Most of these compounds are solid in nature and they are non-volatile. Besides that, they are soluble in water and non-soluble in organic solutions.

Comparison Chart: Organic Vs Inorganic Compounds

Basic Terms Organic Compounds Inorganic Compounds
Definition These are chemical compounds made up of carbons linked to other atoms of an element with a covalent bond. These are chemical compounds that do not have carbon atom.
Density Has low density due to hydrogen atom Has high density
Solubility in Water Not soluble due to strong covalent bonds among atoms which do not dissociate in water. Highly soluble in water since the ionic bond among atoms can easily dissociate in water to form both positive and negative ions.
Formation Are formed as a result of living things Are formed due to natural processes.
Conductivity Aqueous soluble of the compounds is a poor conductor of electricity. An aqueous solution of the chemicals is good conductors of electricity.
Reactivity Generally unreactive due to stable compounds of carbons Generally known to be quite reactive.
Viscosity It has low viscosity since its intermolecular bond is weak. It has higher viscosity since its intermolecular forces are strong.
Boiling and Melting Points Has high melting and boiling point due to the covalent bond which is strong Has low melting and boiling points due to weak intermolecular forces
Existence Nature Biologically and complex Simple and in mineral form
Formation of Salt Cannot make salt Used to make salt
Formation Type Occur in carbon form bonded with a hydrogen atom Do not have a specific formation type
Components Do not contain metal ions Contain Metal Ions
Examples Nucleic acids, sucrose, enzymes, benzene, methane, fats, and ethanol. Salt, metals, silver, sulfur, pure diamond and silver

Core Differences Between Organic and Inorganic Compounds

  1. Organic compounds tend to contain a bond between carbon and hydrogen while inorganic compounds do not.
  2. Organic compounds are chemical compounds found in living things while inorganic compounds occur in non-living things.
  3. The existence nature of organic compounds is biological whereas those of inorganic compounds are mineral form.
  4. Chemical compounds of organic compounds are quite complex while those of inorganic compounds are simple.
  5. The bond between organic compounds is covalent while that of inorganic compounds is an ionic bond.
  6. Inorganic compounds can be used to make salt while inorganic compounds cannot be used to make any salt.
  7. Organic compounds are commonly insoluble in water while inorganic compounds are soluble in water.
  8. All organic compounds are volatile and flammable while inorganic compounds are both non-volatile and non-flammable.
  9. Inorganic compounds are chemicals that contain metal atoms while organic compounds do not contain metal atoms.
  10. The melting and boiling points of organic compounds are too high due to the covalent bond which is strong while that of inorganic compounds is low due to weak intermolecular forces.
  11. Inorganic compounds contain metal ions whereas organic compounds do not contain metal ions
  12. The rate of reaction of organic compounds is slow while that of inorganic compounds is faster
  13. Organic compounds are soluble in water while inorganic compounds are either soluble or insoluble in water
  14. organic compounds are volatile and inflammable while inorganic compounds are non-volatile and non-inflammable. 

Similarities Between Organic and Inorganic Compounds

  1. Both contain carbon atoms
  2. Both are soluble in organic solvents
  3. Both have intermolecular bonds 

Frequently Asked Questions

  • Are Proteins Organic or Inorganic?

Proteins have carbon atoms in their structure. Therefore, any compound that contains a carbon atom is regarded to be an organic compound. Hence, proteins are organic compounds. 

  • Can the Human Body Absorb Inorganic Minerals?

The human body has no power to extract inorganic minerals from the soil like plants. Therefore, they benefit the most from these inorganic compounds by consuming some plants. 

  • Is Human Body Organic or Inorganic?

The human body structure compose of carbon atoms. Hence, the human body can be termed as organic in nature though it contains a few elements of inorganic compounds like iron, magnesium, and calcium. 

  • Are Inorganic Minerals Bad for You?

Inorganic minerals have no nutritional benefit to the human body. Some minerals can cause injuries to the digestive system. Meanwhile, those minerals present in the body of animals and plants are organic. 

  • Is Water Organic or Inorganic?

Water is an inorganic compound since it does not contain a carbon atom. Organic compounds tend to contain carbon atoms in their structure. 

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Comparison Video

Conclusion

To sum up, organic compounds are chemical compounds that contain carbon atoms bind together with hydrogen using a covalent bond.

Inorganic compounds are chemical compounds that comprise of metal atoms bind together with ionic bonds.

The two compounds study differently in organic chemistry and inorganic chemistry respectively. Good luck.

More Sources and References

  1. Organic Compound. Wikipedia

  2. Inorganic Compound. Wikipedia

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