10 Difference between Poll and Survey (With Table)

What is the main difference between poll and survey? A poll is a method of gathering information or opinion from a group of people for a specific issue while a survey is a structured method of collecting information or data from a group of people to gain insights about various topics.

Information is power in every sector of economy. Many organizations employ different methods of collecting data or information to spearhead their growth. This article provides detailed insight into the differences and similarities between poll and survey.

Difference between Poll and Survey With Table

Basic Terms Poll Survey
Purpose To quickly collect opinions or feedback on a specific question or issue. To gather in-depth information, feedback, and insights on a range of questions or topics.
Scope Typically focused on a single, straightforward question or a limited set of questions. Can include multiple questions on various topics, often with more complexity and depth.
Response Format Usually consists of a single question with a limited set of response options (e.g., yes/no or multiple-choice). Includes a variety of question types, such as multiple-choice, open-ended, rating scales, and more.
Length Short and concise, often only a single question. Can be longer, with multiple questions, making it more comprehensive.
Structure Typically quick and straightforward to complete. May take more time to complete, especially for comprehensive surveys.
Sample Size Can be conducted with a relatively small or large sample size. Typically conducted with a larger sample size, often to achieve statistical significance.
Analysis Quick and simple analysis, primarily focused on the response to the single question. Requires more extensive data analysis, potentially involving statistical methods and data segmentation.
Use Cases Suitable for quick feedback on specific issues, public opinion, or simple preferences. Suitable for quick feedback on specific issues, public opinion, or simple preferences.
Examples “Do you support the new policy change? (Yes/No)” Customer satisfaction survey, employee engagement survey, political opinion survey.

What Is a Poll?

A poll is a method of collecting information and opinions from a group of people, often used to gauge public opinion or gather feedback on a specific question or issue.

Polls are typically brief and straightforward, consisting of one or a few questions with a limited set of response options. They are designed to quickly capture the opinions, preferences, or attitudes of a sample of individuals on a specific topic or question.

Polls are commonly used in various contexts, including politics, market research, and public opinion analysis. They can be conducted through different means, such as telephone polls, online polls, in-person interviews, or written questionnaires.

The results of a poll are often presented as percentages or proportions of the respondents who expressed a particular view or choice, making it a simple and accessible method for understanding public sentiment on a particular issue.

Advantages of Polls

  1. Polls provide rapid and timely insights on specific questions or issues.
  2. They are easy to create, administer, and analyze due to their simplicity.
  3. Conducting polls is generally more budget-friendly compared to comprehensive surveys.
  4. Polls can engage participants and encourage them to express their opinions.

Disadvantages of Polls

  1. Polls offer limited insights and do not capture in-depth information.
  2. Sample bias can occur, leading to results that don’t represent the broader population.
  3. They are restricted to simple question formats, limiting the range of data collected.
  4. Polls may lack the context needed to fully understand respondents’ answers.

What Is a Survey?

A survey is a structured method of collecting information and data from a group of individuals to gain insights, opinions, feedback, or factual information about various topics.

Surveys typically involve a set of questions that can be administered through various means, such as written questionnaires, online forms, interviews, or telephone calls.

Surveys are used in a wide range of fields, including market research, social science research, business, and government, to gather comprehensive and detailed data.

Advantages of Surveys

  1. Surveys provide in-depth and detailed information on a wide range of topics.
  2. Survey data can be analyzed quantitatively, allowing for statistical insights.
  3. Surveys can be conducted with large sample sizes, enhancing the reliability of results.
  4. Surveys can be tailored to specific research needs and objectives.

Disadvantages of Surveys

  1. Designing, conducting, and analyzing surveys can be time-intensive.
  2. Surveys may require significant resources, especially with large-scale or complex projects.
  3. Respondents may provide inaccurate or biased answers, affecting data quality.
  4. Surveys may lack the context needed to fully understand respondents’ answers.

Main Difference between Poll and Survey

  1. Polls are for quick opinions on specific questions; surveys gather detailed information on various topics.
  2. Polls are single-question or limited; surveys consist of multiple questions.
  3. Polls have limited response options; surveys include various question types.
  4. Polls are short and concise; surveys can be longer and more comprehensive.
  5. Polls can be small or large; surveys typically have a larger sample size.
  6. Polls involve simple analysis; surveys require more extensive data analysis.
  7. Polls are for quick feedback; surveys suit research, customer feedback, and more.

Similarities between Poll and Survey

  1. Both are methods of collecting information and opinions.
  2. They use questionnaires to gather responses.
  3. Both can provide insights into public opinion or individual perspectives.
  4. Polls and surveys are tools for data collection and analysis.
  5. They both involve selecting a group of participants for data collection.


Polls and surveys are distinct methods for gathering information and opinions. Polls are concise, focused on specific questions, and provide quick feedback, while surveys are more comprehensive, involving multiple questions, various response formats, and in-depth data collection. The choice between a poll and a survey depends on the research objectives and the depth of insights required for a particular study or data collection effort.

People Who Read This Also Read:

Leave a Comment