What Is the Difference between Fabaceae, Solanaceae, and Liliaceae?

You might be someone growing different types of flowering plants in your backyard garden. Knowing a little about the families of these flowering plants will help differentiate them.

So, what is the difference between fabaceae, solanaceae, and liliaceae? Fabaceae contain legumes that fix atmospheric nitrogen to improve soil fertility, Solanaceae contain plants with agricultural importance, while Liliaceae contain ornamental and decorative lilies.

Having a detailed insight into these three families of flowering plants will facilitate easier identification and differentiation. This article provides a comprehensive difference between Fabaceae, Solanaceae, and Liliaceae with a comparison chart.

Difference between Fabaceae, Solanaceae, and Liliaceae in Table

Fabaceae Solanaceae Liliaceae
It is a large family of trees, shrubs, vines, and herbs. It is a nightshade or potato family of flowering plants These are monocotyledonous, perennial, and herbaceous plants.
Legume family Potato family Lily family
Dicot Dicot Monocot
Peas, chickpeas, and soybean Potato, tomato, and bell pepper. Onion, lily, and tulip
Exhibits marginal placentation. Exhibits axial placentation. Exhibits axial placentation.
Perennial or annuals Perennials, biennials, and annuals. Perennials
Trees, shrubs, vines, and herbs Herbs, shrubs, small trees Herbs and shrubs
Monocarpellary Bicarpellary Tricarpellary
Contain pods Contain berry or capsule Contain berry or capsule
Fix atmospheric nitrogen to improve soil fertility Contain plant varieties with agricultural importance Contain decorative and ornamental plants.

What Is Fabaceae?

It is a legume family with great agricultural importance. The family comprises trees and shrubs that are perennial and annual herbaceous plants.

Fruits and stipulate leaves are the main characteristics of the Fabaceae family. Beans, peas, chickpeas, and rosary peas are examples of flowering plants in the Fabaceae family.

These plants thrive in tropical regions and less in temperate regions. They help fix atmospheric nitrogen to improve soil fertility.

What Is Solanaceae?

These are potato family plants that comprise potatoes, eggplants, bell peppers, and chili peppers. These annuals and perennial plants contain trees, vines, and shrubs.

Solanaceae family is also called alkaloids and some members contain highly toxic components. They are the main source of food for human beings.

What Is Liliaceae?

The family contains monocot plants belonging to 15 genera. They are perennial and herbaceous plants with bulbous geophytes.

They produce large flowers and petals arranged in threes. These plants thrive in temperate regions and they are ideal for decorations.

Main Difference between Fabaceae, Solanaceae, and Liliaceae

  1. Fabaceae is a legume family, Solanaceae is a potato family, and Liliaceae is the lily family.
  2. Fabaceae contains peas, chickpeas, and soybean, Solanaceae contain potatoes, tomatoes, and bell pepper, while Liliaceae contain onion, lily, and tulip.
  3. Fabaceae is perennials or annuals, Solanaceae is annuals or biennials, while Liliaceae is perennials.
  4. Fabaceae is monocarpellary; Solanaceae is bicarpellary, while Liliaceae is tricarpellary.
  5. Fabaceae contain pods, while Solanaceae and Liliaceae contain berries or capsules.

Similarities between Fabaceae, Solanaceae, and Liliaceae

  1. Both are families of flowering plants.
  2. Both have different important features
  3. Both are perennials

My Final Thoughts

Fabaceae is a legume family that consists of peas, chickpeas, and soybeans. Solanaceae is a potato family that contains potatoes, tomatoes, and eggplants. Liliaceae is a lily family that composes of onions, tulips, and lilies.

Fabaceae plants help fix nitrogen to improve soil fertility, while Solanaceae plants are food sources for living things. Liliaceae are ornamental and decorative plants that improve the appearance of homesteads.

We hope this article helped find the main difference between Fabaceae, Solanaceae, and Liliaceae. Feel free to share with your friends or family members. Besides that, leave your feedback in the comment section.

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