What is the difference between binary and multiple fission?
Binary and multiple fission are the main types of asexual reproduction. The type of reproduction occurs where only one parent is involved in the process.
Fission refers to a process where a cell split into two or more cells. Each cell formed after fission is known as a daughter cell.
The main difference between binary and multiple fission is that the former refers to where an adult parental body divided into two equal daughter cells under favorable conditions while the latter refers to where a mature parental body divides into many daughter cells under unfavorable conditions.
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Comparison Table (Binary vs Multiple Fission)
|Basic Terms||Binary Fission||Multiple Fission|
|Meaning||It is where a mature parental body divides into two equal cells known as daughter cells||It is where a mature parental body divides into numerous daughter cells|
|Number of Division||Once||Repeatedly|
|Residues||No residue||Leaves residue|
|Result in||Two daughter cells with two nuclei formed from the parent cell||Numerous daughter cells with multiple nuclei formed from parental nuclei|
|Pattern of Division||Definite pattern||No definite pattern|
|Examples||Euglena, Amoeba, Protozoans, Bacteria, flatworms, etc.||Algae, Plasmodium, Sporozoans, etc.|
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What Is Binary Fission?
It is a type of asexual reproduction where the mature parental body separates or divides to form two equal daughter cells under favorable conditions.
The type of asexual reproduction is quite common in prokaryotes. The parent cell normally makes a copy of their genetic material before separation.
The nuclei of the cell replicate by pull the nucleus in the opposite direction. The cytoplasm of the cell also separates with the replication of the nuclei to form daughter cells.
Binary fission is a stable process and occurs in the genome of a unicellular organism. The type of binary fission seen in unicellular organisms is Transverse, longitudinal, irregular, and oblique.
Examples of organisms that experience binary fission are Euglena, Amoeba, Paramecium, Ceratium, Clostridium perfringens, Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis, B. cereus, Corynebacterium diphtheriae, etc.
What Is Multiple Fission?
It is a type of asexual reproduction where the mature parental body divides or separates to form numerous daughter cells under unfavorable conditions.
Examples of organisms that experience multiple fission are Slime moulds (Myxomycetes) and some protozoans.
The nucleus of the parent cell undergoes several mitotic divisions and result in numerous nuclei of the daughter cells.
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Main Difference between Binary and Multiple Fission Brainly
- Binary fission results in two daughter cells while multiple fission results in numerous daughter cells
- Binary fission occurs under favorable condition while multiple fission occurs under unfavorable condition
- Binary fission is where the parental body divides once while multiple fission is where the parental body divides repeatedly
- Binary fission involves a definite pattern of division while multiple fission involves an indefinite pattern of division
- Binary fission involves both separations of the cytoplasm and nucleus of the parental body whereas multiple fission begins with nucleus division surrounded by the cytoplasm.
Similarities between Binary and Multiple Fission
- Both occur in a unicellular organism
- Both are types of asexual reproduction
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Binary and multiple fission occur in unicellular organism. These types of asexual reproduction are meant to increase the number of offspring.
So, how does binary fission differ from multiple fission class 10? Binary fission is where the parental body divides to produce two similar daughter cells while multiple fission is where the parental body divides to produce numerous daughter cells.
You can also read how does binary fission differ from multiple fission in points as stated in the article. The information will help you tackle your assignment and even excel in the final exams.
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